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Types of CBD

September 26, 2019

Types of CBD

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You keep hearing about it and seems about everyone you know is telling you ways CBD has given them relief. Maybe your co-worker is using it for anxiety and depression or an uncle who started using it for his neck pain. Perhaps your best friend started vaping CBD to relieve withdrawals from quitting smoking cigarettes. Has your grandma started using a pain cream to help calm her arthritis pains and back spasms? I know mine has.

What is this CBD people speak of? How does it work on such a wide variety of problems; from mental, to physical and internal to external? Does it have you wondering what’s the best type of CBD for you to take with so many available options? Let’s take a deeper look into the different types of CBD and how to choose the best option for you!

There are three main types of CBD products that are currently being manufactured. These are Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolates. Below is a breakdown of each one.

The Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana

For the purpose of this blog we are referring to the cannabis sativa L plant, better known as “industrial hemp” or just “hemp”. The main difference between this plant and its more well-known Cannabis cousin (marijuana) is the percentage of THC. THC is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the psychotropic effects most associated with Cannabis. The law dictates that a cannabis plant containing less that 0.3% THC is considered “hemp” and therefore federally legal to grow. Anything over that percentage and its classified as Marijuana. Marijuana is bred to have high levels of THC and low levels of CBD while Hemp is bred to have very low THC levels but high CBD levels. This is what makes it the best source for extraction of your CBD supplements.

Full Spectrum

A Full Spectrum CBD product is derived from the whole hemp plant matter. That means taking the roots, stems, flowers and leaves and pressing, pulverizing, or power washing them to extract the oils from the plant. This will leave us with a full spectrum of cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBN, THC, etc.), terpenes (limonene, myrcene, etc.) and phytochemicals such as chlorophyll and other organic plant matter. The resulting oil will have a strong “hempy” taste and be dark in color. It will also contain 0.3% or less THC.

As briefly mentioned above, other commonly found cannabinoids are CBG, CBN, CBC, CBDV, and upwards of 200 or more all currently being studied for their own unique benefits. All of these cannabinoids including THC work symbiotically together to create an “entourage effect”. This entourage effects suggests that when all of the cannabinoids are present, they work best together. A full spectrum CBD product is going to cast the widest net when it comes to balancing out our endocannabinoid system.

One aspect that is currently being studied is if THC’s ability to “unlock” cannabinoid receptors allows its counterparts (CBD, CBG, CBN, etc.) to more efficiently balance out the Endocannabinoid System. Some within the industry will argue you have to have the THC to receive the benefits of CBD. This is flat untrue and mostly used as a common sales tactic. In reality, you can read a plethora of scientific articles that debunk that claim. A good analogy of the difference is to say THC is like a good stretch before going on a walk. It may give you a little better range of motion and allow you to go a bit farther during your exercise, but it isn’t to say that there are no health benefits if you go for a walk without stretching first.

>>CLICK HERE TO PURCHASE FULL SPECTRUM PRODUCTS

Broad Spectrum

A broad spectrum CBD product is created from the same process as the full spectrum CBD product by taking the roots, stems, flower, and leaves. The difference is, after extraction, the THC compound is separated and removed entirely. This still leaves us with a great range of cannabinoids beyond CBD. Many people find themselves in a situation where they cannot have any THC in their system, so broad spectrum products are becoming the most valued form of CBD. A true broad spectrum will have no trace amounts of THC but will give you an otherwise full cannabinoid profile which will include CBD, CBG, CBN, CBDV, and other potential cannabinoids, allowing you to maintain the “entourage effect”. For many people looking to get the health benefits without the concern of the psychotropic component of the plant, broad spectrum CBD products are the most effective choice.

Another reason why someone might want to choose a broad-spectrum product would be due to having a job or are in a position for drug screens. Many people fall into this category from bus drivers, construction workers, nurses, and government employees. All have to be careful when choosing the right CBD products. When choosing a broad spectrum product for this reason, always make sure you are purchasing from a company that supplies third party lab testing or a COA (certificate of analysis) to verify there is no detectible THC within the product. With our KC Hemp Co. tinctures, you can easily scan the QR code on the bottom of every bottle for instant access to the third party lab tests showing the full cannabinoid profile in that bottle.

You also will want to be cognizant of the carrier oils in the products. Hemp seed oil is often used as a carrier oil and makes for a great delivery system for the CBD, but it can potentially cause false negatives on drug screenings. For this reason, KC Hemp Co. only uses USDA Certified Organic MCT Oil (fractionated coconut oil). In doing so, it also provides a much cleaner tasting product and clearer in color.

>>CLICK HERE TO PURCHASE BROAD SPECTRUM PRODUCTS

Isolate

Isolates are exactly how they sound, a single isolated compound from the plant. This is typically done through a supercritical CO2 extraction. Through this process the oils, chlorophyll, plant material and all other compounds are removed leaving behind a 99% pure CBD product. The exciting thing about isolates is that you can now find other cannabinoids isolated such as CBG and CBN. As more research is conducted on the hundreds of known cannabinoids, we will be able to specifically target their interactions with the body and all health benefits associated with them. This makes it exciting to be able to customize cannabinoid profiles by combining isolated cannabinoids to form a new product based on your health and wellness needs. Basically, CBD isn’t the only cannabinoid that has the potential to provide major health benefits and the future only looks brighter for the cannabis plant!

>>CLICK HERE TO PURCHASE ISOLATE PRODUCTS

Now that you know what the different types of CBD products are, hop on over to our recent blog post on ways to take CBD. Where Austin Williams, discusses the benefits of the many different ways to take CBD.

A Full Spectrum CBD product is derived from the whole hemp plant matter.A broad spectrum CBD product is created from the same process as the full spectrum CBD. The difference is, after extraction, the THC compound is separated and removed entirely. Isolates are a single isolated CBD compound.

What Is Full-Spectrum CBD?

Substance Made From All Extracts of the Cannabis Plant

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Cristina Mutchler is an award-winning journalist with more than a decade of experience in national media, specializing in health and wellness content. A multilingual Latina, Cristina’s work has appeared on CNN and its platforms, local news affiliates across the country, and in the promotion of medical journal articles and public health messaging.

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Meredith Bull, ND, is a licensed naturopathic doctor with a private practice in Los Angeles. She helped co-author the first integrative geriatrics textbook, “Integrative Geriatric Medicine.”

Full-spectrum CBD is a substance that contains all of the extracts naturally found in the cannabis plant, including very small amounts of THC, the psychoactive ingredient associated with the marijuana “high.”

It’s recently been popularized for its potential to help alleviate a variety of health conditions—like pain, anxiety, inflammation, and epilepsy—but more research is needed to fully back up all of the claims about its benefits.

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David Trood / DigitalVision / Getty Images

What It Is

Before exploring full-spectrum CBD, it’s helpful to understand what CBD is to begin with. CBD—short for cannabidiol—is what’s known as a cannabinoid, one of more than 100 chemical compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Most CBD products are derived from the hemp species of that plant.

The two most well-known cannabinoids are CBD and THC:

  • Cannabidiol (CBD)is often derived from hemp and doesn’t usually cause a “high” on its own.
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)is the psychoactive compound that causes the euphoric “high” feeling associated with marijuana.

The Cannabis Plant

Both hemp and marijuana are species of the cannabis plant, and both contain CBD — but hemp plants have 0.3% THC or less, while marijuana plants have higher levels of THC.

Types

Ever since a 2018 federal law has made it legal to grow and sell hemp in the U.S., CBD has been popping up everywhere in different forms — from tablets to oils to creams to gummies.

Full-spectrum CBD is one of three main types of CBD available. It’s important to understand the differences between the most common types, as the ingredients do vary.

  • Full-spectrum CBD contains CBD and all other cannabinoids, including trace amounts of THC (0.3% or less).
  • Isolate CBD contains just CBD.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD contains CBD and multiple other cannabinoids, but no THC.

Some CBD connoisseurs consider full-spectrum CBD products to be more effective than the other forms, because they include all of the cannabis plant’s compounds plus up to 0.3% THC. That combination produces what researchers have dubbed the “entourage effect,” meaning that all of the elements in full-spectrum CBD may work better together than a single cannabinoid used alone.  

How It Works

The major cannabinoids found in full-spectrum CBD—CBD and THC—work on different areas of the brain. Researchers are still studying their full effects on the body, but what they have found is that cannabinoids in general help regulate the body’s endocannabinoid system.

That system is responsible for nervous and immune system function, along with mood, sleep cycle, and inflammation response regulation, and more. Basically, the endocannabinoid system helps correct many different imbalances within the body via activated receptors found throughout our central and peripheral nervous systems.

It’s also connected to the way we experience pain, prompting researchers to think that CBD helps the body’s systems achieve better balance.  

Benefits

So far, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved one cannabis-derived medication, a prescription drug product used to treat certain severe forms of epilepsy, a seizure-causing disorder.

While there’s currently no solid scientific evidence pointing to other specific health conditions that full-spectrum CBD may help treat, research suggests that in addition to acting as an anti-inflammatory, it shows promise for treating anxiety, panic, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorders in some people.

Risks

Here’s the million-dollar question: Does full-spectrum CBD get you “high,” since it technically contains trace amounts of THC? Generally speaking, experts say no, it should not produce a “high.” But the answer isn’t crystal clear and may vary by product and person.

The amounts of THC found in full-spectrum CBD are at low quantities of less than 0.3%, which is considered to be pretty insignificant. Many experts agree that such a small amount likely isn’t strong enough to have significant psychoactive effects, and likely wouldn’t register on a drug test, but you shouldn’t rule out those possibilities.

Some people may experience some of the milder psychoactive or sedative effects that are associated with THC, and there’s a chance it could show up on a drug test.

Side Effects

Because research on full-spectrum CBD is still fairly preliminary, experts don’t have all of the answers to many consumer questions about the pros and cons of using it for various health issues. That said, a 2018 World Health Organization (WHO) report indicates that CBD in general is typically well-tolerated, with reported adverse effects usually happening as a result of medication interactions.  

Still, there’s a possibility for the following side effects to occur:  

  • Mood changes
  • Appetite changes
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Keep in mind that full-spectrum CBD is not regulated by the FDA, though the agency is currently working on how it may approach regulating the CBD industry in the future. For now, there is no guarantee that a full-spectrum CBD product is safe, or that it’ll be effective for you.

Standard and daily-use guidelines don’t exist, and ingredients and dosages may vary widely. It’s also worth noting that mislabeling appears to be a fairly common issue with CBD products, according to some studies.  

It’s a good idea to read the label and ingredient list closely. You’ll want to look for added preservatives, flavorings, or other ingredients you don’t recognize, and double-check them online or confirm with a trusted medical source.

While you don’t need a prescription for full-spectrum CBD, consider checking with your doctor or health care professional to make sure it won’t counteract with any other medications you’re taking, and to ensure the condition you’re using it for makes sense based on what we know about the substance.

Legality

You may be confused about the legality of full-spectrum CBD. As referenced, hemp-derived CBD products containing less than 0.3% THC are legal federally, but may not be legal under some states’ legislation. You may want to check out local legislation before purchasing any CBD products (full-spectrum or not) and before traveling with CBD products to other states.

The decision to try full-spectrum CBD may depend on whether you are OK with consuming THC in any amount, particularly if marijuana or CBD is not legal in your state, or if you anticipate being drug tested.

Full-spectrum CBD is a substance made up of all chemicals found in the cannabis plant, popularized for its potential to ease pain and other ailments.